Significant Accounting Policies and Estimates
|9 Months Ended|
Jun. 30, 2018
|Notes to Financial Statements|
|2. Significant Accounting Policies and Estimates||
The accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements of the Company have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America for interim financial information and with the instructions to Article 8 of Regulation S-X. Accordingly, they do not include all of the information and notes required by accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America for complete consolidated financial statements. In the opinion of management, all adjustments considered necessary for a fair presentation have been included. Operating results for the three and nine-month period ended June 30, 2018 are not necessarily indicative of the results that may be expected for the year ending September 30, 2018. The unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with the consolidated financial statements and notes thereto included in the Company's Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended September 30, 2017 as filed on December 28, 2017.
The Company experienced significant net losses for its most recent fiscal year ended September 30, 2017, and for the first nine-months of 2018. Management has implemented a strategy which includes cost reductions and consolidation of certain back office activities to gain efficiencies as well as identifying strategic acquisitions, financed primarily through the issuance of preferred and common stock and convertible debt, to improve the overall profitability and cash flows of the Company.
As explained more fully in Note 6, the Company and its subsidiaries, as borrowers, entered into a Revolving Credit, Term Loan and Security Agreement (the “Credit Agreement”) after the close of business on March 31, 2017. Under the terms of the Credit Agreement, the Company may borrow up to $73,750,000 consisting of a four-year term loan in the principal amount of $48,750,000 and revolving loans in a maximum amount up to the lesser of (i) $25,000,000 or (ii) an amount determined pursuant to a borrowing base that is calculated based on the outstanding amount of the Company’s eligible accounts receivable, as described in the Credit Agreement. The loans under the Credit Agreement mature on March 31, 2021.
On April 3, 2017, the Company borrowed $48,750,000 from term loans and borrowed approximately $7,476,316 from the Revolving Credit Facility for a total of $56,226,316, which was used by the Company to repay existing indebtedness, to pay fees and expenses relating to the Credit Agreement, and to pay a portion of the purchase price for the acquisition of all of the outstanding stock of SNI Holdco Inc. pursuant to the Merger Agreement, as more fully disclosed in Note 11. Amounts borrowed under the Credit Agreement also may be used by the Company to partially fund capital expenditures, provide for on-going working capital needs and general corporate needs, and to fund future acquisitions subject to certain customary conditions of the lenders.
As of June 30, 2018, the Company had cash of approximately $2,637,000, which was a decrease of approximately $148,000 from approximately $2,785,000 at September 30, 2017. Negative working capital at June 30, 2018 was approximately $2,127,000, as compared to working capital of approximately $1,588,000 for September 30, 2017. The net loss for the nine months ended June 30, 2018, was approximately $6,556,000.
Management believes that the future cash flow from operations and the availability under the Revolving Credit Facility will provide sufficient liquidity for the next 12 months.
Principles of Consolidation
The unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements include the accounts and transactions of the Company and its wholly-owned subsidiaries. All significant inter-company accounts and transactions are eliminated in consolidation.
Estimates and Assumptions
Management makes estimates and assumptions that can affect the amounts of assets and liabilities reported as of the date of the condensed consolidated financial statements, as well as the amounts of reported revenues and expenses during the periods presented. Those estimates and assumptions typically involve expectations about events to occur subsequent to the balance sheet date, and it is possible that actual results could ultimately differ from the estimates. If differences occur in a subsequent period, the Company will recognize those differences when they become known. Significant matters requiring the use of estimates and assumptions include, but may not be limited to, deferred income tax valuation allowances, accounts receivable allowances, accounting for acquisitions, accounting for derivatives and evaluation of impairment. Management believes that its estimates and assumptions are reasonable, based on information that is available at the time they are made.
Direct hire placement service revenues are recognized when applicants accept offers of employment, less a provision for estimated losses due to applicants not remaining employed for the Company's guarantee period. Contract staffing service revenues are recognized when services are rendered.
Falloffs and refunds during the period are reflected in the unaudited condensed consolidated statements of operations as a reduction of placement service revenues and were approximately $ 1,562,000 and $1,515,000 for the nine-month periods ended June 30, 2018 and 2017, respectively. Expected future falloffs and refunds are reflected in the unaudited condensed consolidated balance sheet as a reduction of accounts receivable and were approximately $342,000 as of June 30, 2018 and $997,000 as of September 30, 2017, respectively.
Cost of Contract Staffing Services
The cost of contract services includes the wages and the related payroll taxes and employee benefits of the Company's employees while they work on contract assignments.
Cash and Cash Equivalents
Highly liquid investments with a maturity of three months or less when purchased are considered to be cash equivalents. At June 30, 2018 and September 30, 2017, there were no cash equivalents. In some cases, the Company maintains cash on deposit in financial institutions in excess of amounts guaranteed by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation. The Company maintains its deposit accounts in a large, national, financial institution and has never experienced any losses related to these balances.
The Company extends credit to customers based on evaluation of their financial condition and ability to pay the Company in accordance with established payment terms. An allowance for placement fall-offs is recorded as a reduction of revenues for estimated losses due to applicants not remaining employed for the Company's guarantee period. An allowance for doubtful accounts is recorded, as a charge to bad debt expense, where collection is considered to be doubtful due to credit issues. These allowances together reflect management's estimate of the potential losses inherent in the accounts receivable balances, based on historical loss statistics and known factors impacting its customers. The nature of the contract services business, where companies are dependent on employees for the production cycle allows for a small accounts receivable allowance. Based on management's review of accounts receivable, an allowance for doubtful accounts of approximately $897,000 is considered necessary as of June 30, 2018 and $1,712,000 at September 30, 2017, respectively. The Company charges uncollectible accounts against the allowance once the invoices are deemed unlikely to be collectible. The reserve includes the $342,000 reserve for permanent placement falloffs considered necessary as of June 30, 2018 and $997,000 as of September 30, 2017, respectively.
Property and Equipment
Property and equipment are recorded at cost. Depreciation expense is calculated on a straight-line basis over estimated useful lives of five years for computer equipment and two to ten years for office equipment, furniture and fixtures. The Company capitalizes computer software purchased or developed for internal use and amortizes it over an estimated useful life of five years. Leasehold improvements are amortized over the shorter of the lease or useful life. The carrying value of property and equipment is reviewed for impairment whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that it may not be recoverable. If the carrying amount of an asset group is greater than its estimated future undiscounted cash flows, the carrying value is written down to the estimated fair value. There was no impairment of property and equipment for the nine-months ended June 30, 2018 and 2017.
Goodwill represents the excess of cost over the fair value of the net assets acquired in the various acquisitions. The Company assesses goodwill for impairment at least annually. Testing goodwill for impairment allows the Company to first assess qualitative factors to determine whether the existence of events or circumstances leads to a determination that it is more likely than not that the fair value of a reporting unit is less than its carrying amount. If the entity determines that this threshold is not met, then performing the two-step impairment test is unnecessary. An impairment loss would be recognized to the extent the carrying value of goodwill exceeds its implied fair value.
Fair Value Measurement
The Company follows the provisions of the accounting standard which defines fair value, establishes a framework for measuring fair value and enhances fair value measurement disclosure. Under these provisions, fair value is defined as the price that would be received to sell an asset or paid to transfer a liability (i.e., the "exit price") in an orderly transaction between market participants at the measurement date.
The standard establishes a hierarchy for inputs used in measuring fair value that maximizes the use of observable inputs and minimizes the use on unobservable inputs by requiring that the most observable inputs be used when available. Observable inputs are inputs that market participants would use in pricing the asset or liability developed based on market data obtained from sources independent of the Company. Unobservable inputs are inputs that reflect the Company's assumptions about the assumptions market participants would use in pricing the asset or liability developed based on the best information available in the circumstances. The hierarchy is described below:
Level 1: Quoted prices (unadjusted) in active markets that are accessible at the measurement date for assets or liabilities. The fair value hierarchy gives the highest priority to Level 1 inputs.
Level 2: Observable prices that are based on inputs not quoted on active markets but corroborated by market data.
Level 3: Unobservable inputs are used when little or no market data is available. The fair value hierarchy gives the lowest priority to Level 3 inputs.
The fair value of the Company’s current assets and current liabilities approximate their carrying values due to their short-term nature. The carrying values of the Company’s long-term liabilities are believed to approximate their fair value based on level 3 inputs. The fair value of the Company’s long-lived assets, including goodwill and other intangible assets, are subject to measurement on a non-recurring basis using level 3 inputs.
Earnings and Loss per Share
Basic loss per share is computed by dividing net loss attributable to common stockholders by the weighted average common shares outstanding for the period. Diluted loss per share is computed giving effect to all potentially dilutive common shares. Potentially dilutive common shares may consist of incremental shares issuable upon the exercise of stock options and warrants and the conversion of notes payable or preferred stock to common stock. In periods in which a net loss has been incurred, all potentially dilutive common shares are considered anti-dilutive and thus are excluded from the calculation. There were approximately 10,513,000 and 10,902,000 of common stock equivalents excluded for the three and nine months ended June 30, 2018, respectively, (which include common share equivalents of preferred stock, convertible debt, warrants and options) because their effect is anti-dilutive. There were approximately 10,111,000 and 3,743,000 of common stock equivalents excluded for the three and nine months ended June 30, 2017, respectively, (which include common share equivalents of preferred stock, convertible debt, warrants and options) because their effect is anti-dilutive.
Most of the Company's advertising expense budget is used to support the Company's business consisting of print and internet media, with expenses recorded as they are incurred and are included in selling, general and administrative expenses in the unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements. Advertising expense was approximately $572,000 and $588,000, for the three months ended June 30, 2018 and 2017, respectively, and approximately $1,737,000 and $1,092,000, for the nine months ended June 30, 2018 and 2017, respectively.
Intangible assets include customer relationships, non-compete agreements and trade names and were recorded at their estimated fair value at the date of acquisition. The trade names are amortized on a straight-line basis over the estimated useful life of five and ten years. Customer relationships are amortized based on the future undiscounted cash flows or straight-line basis over estimated remaining useful lives of five to ten years. Non-compete agreements are amortized based on a straight-line basis of three and five years, which is the term of the non-compete agreement.
Impairment of Long-lived Assets
The Company records an impairment of long-lived assets used in operations when events or circumstances indicate that the asset might be impaired and the estimated undiscounted cash flows to be generated by those assets over their remaining lives are less than the carrying amount of those items. The net carrying value of assets not recoverable is reduced to fair value, which is typically calculated using the discounted cash flow method. The Company did not record any impairment during the nine months ended June 30, 2018 and 2017.
The Company accounts for stock-based awards to employees in accordance with applicable accounting principles, which requires compensation expense related to share-based transactions, including employee stock options and restricted stock, to be measured and recognized in the financial statements based on a determination of the fair value of the stock options or restricted stock. The grant date fair value is determined using the Black-Scholes-Merton (“Black-Scholes”) pricing model. For all employee stock options, we recognize expense over the requisite service period on an accelerated basis over the employee’s requisite service period (generally the vesting period of the equity grant). The Company’s option pricing model requires the input of highly subjective assumptions, including the expected stock price volatility, expected term, and forfeiture rate. Any changes in these highly subjective assumptions significantly impact stock-based compensation expense.
Options awarded to purchase shares of common stock issued to non-employees in exchange for services are accounted for as variable awards in accordance with applicable accounting principles. Such options are valued using the Black-Scholes option pricing model.
Upon the exercise of options, it is the Company's policy to issue new shares rather than utilizing treasury shares.
We account for income taxes under the asset and liability method, which requires the recognition of deferred tax assets and liabilities for the expected future tax consequences of events that have been included in the financial statements. Under this method, we determine deferred tax assets and liabilities on the basis of the differences between the financial statement and tax bases of assets and liabilities by using enacted tax rates in effect for the year in which the differences are expected to reverse. The effect of a change in tax rates on deferred tax assets and liabilities is recognized in income in the period that includes the enactment date.
We recognize deferred tax assets to the extent that we believe that these assets are more likely than not to be realized. In making such a determination, we consider all available positive and negative evidence, including future reversals of existing taxable temporary differences, projected future taxable income, tax-planning strategies, and results of recent operations. If we determine that we would be able to realize our deferred tax assets in the future in excess of their net recorded amount, we would make an adjustment to the deferred tax asset valuation allowance, which would reduce the provision for income taxes.
We record uncertain tax positions in accordance with ASC 740 on the basis of a two-step process in which (1) we determine whether it is more likely than not that the tax positions will be sustained on the basis of the technical merits of the position and (2) for those tax positions that meet the more-likely-than-not recognition threshold, we recognize the largest amount of tax benefit that is more than 50 percent likely to be realized upon ultimate settlement with the related tax authority.
We recognize interest and penalties related to unrecognized tax benefits on the income tax expense line in the accompanying consolidated statement of operations. As of June 30, 2018 and September 30, 2017, no material accrued interest or penalties are included on the related tax liability line in the consolidated balance sheet.
Certain reclassifications have been made to the financial statements as of and for the three and nine months ended June 30, 2017 to conform to the current year presentation. There is no effect on assets, liabilities, equity or net income.
The Company provides the following distinctive services: (a) direct hire placement services, (b) temporary professional services staffing in the fields of information technology, engineering, medical, and accounting, and (c) temporary light industrial staffing. These distinct services can be divided into two reportable segments, Industrial Staffing Services and Professional Staffing Services. Selling, general and administrative expenses are not entirely allocated among light industrial services and professional staffing services. Operating results are regularly reviewed by the chief operating decision maker to make decisions about resources to be allocated to the segment and to assess its performance. Other factors, including type of business, type of employee, length of employment and revenue recognition are considered in determining these operating segments.
The entire disclosure for all significant accounting policies of the reporting entity.
Reference 1: http://www.xbrl.org/2003/role/presentationRef